The northern crested caracara is also known as the northern caracara, crested caracara and Audubon's caracara. Although in the falcon family, and considered a bird-of-prey, the caracara is primarily a scavenger.

Florida is home to a relict population of northern crested caracaras dating back to the last glacial maximum (12,500 BCE). As a result of habitat loss, the Florida caracara population has declined and was listed as threatened by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service during 1987.

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